Fungi can be live in the soil, water, air, and plants. There are also some fungi that live naturally in the human body. Like many microbes, there are symbiotic fungi and harmful fungi. When harmful fungi attack the body, they can be challenging to face, as they can survive in the environment and re-infect the person trying to get better. Fungal infections of the skin are prevalent and include athlete's foot, jock itch, ringworm, and yeast infections. Fungi are usually made homes in moist areas of the body where skin surfaces meet: between the toes, in the genital area, and under the breasts. Commonly fungal skin infections are caused by yeasts (such as Malassezia or Candida furfur) or dermatophytes, such as Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton. Many such fungi live only in the topmost layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum) and do not penetrate deeper. The people are more likely to get these infections because they have excessive skin folds, especially if the skin within a skinfold becomes irritated and broken down (intertrigo). People with diabetes disease tend to be more susceptible to fungal infections as well.
Types of fungal infections
Tinea pedis or athlete's foot is a common fungal infection that affects the foot.
Athlete's foot is commonly associated with sports and athletes because the fungus grows perfectly in warm, moist environments, such as socks and shoes, sports equipment, and locker rooms.
In reality, anyone may be affected by athlete's foot. It is most common in warmer climates and summer months, where it can quickly multiply.
The medical name for a fungal nail infection is onychomycosis. It can affect any part of your nail, and your toenails are much more likely to be affected than your fingernails. Fungal infections of your nail tend to take a long time to develop. They cause your nail to discolour and become rough and crumbly. The surrounding tissue may also get thicker.
Fungal nail infection
Having a fungal nail infection can make you feel uncomfortable about showing your feet, for instance, when swimming, or sharing changing rooms. It can also sometimes become painful and cause problems with standing or exercising.
You’re more likely to get a fungal nail infection if you have other fungal skin infections, such as athlete’s foot.
Tinea corporis or ringworm is a skin infection caused by a fungus that lives on dead tissues, such as the hair ,skin ,nails.Despite its name, ringworm is an infection with a fungus, not a worm. Its name comes from the way it often causes a ring-shaped rash. Ringworm infections are very common and can affect different parts of your body.When it appears anywhere else on the body, the infection is just called ringworm.
Candida yeast is a normal resident of the mouth, digestive tract, and vagina that usually causes no harm. Under certain conditions, however, Candida can overgrow on mucous membranes and moist areas of the skin. Typical areas affected are the lining of the mouth, the groin, the armpits, the spaces between fingers and toes, on an uncircumcised penis, the skinfold under the breasts, the nails, and the skinfolds of the stomach.